Energy Efficiency Directive

Sweden’s policy on energy efficiency is affected by EU regulations, in particular the Energy Efficiency Directive (EED). On the European Commission’s website one can find the following information about the EED.



The 2012 Energy Efficiency Directive establishes a set of binding measures to help the EU reach its 20% energy efficiency target by 2020. Under the Directive, all EU countries are required to use energy more efficiently at all stages of the energy chain, from production to final consumption.

On 30 November 2016 the Commission proposed an update to the Energy Efficiency Directive, including a new 30% energy efficiency target for 2030, and measures to update the Directive to make sure the new target is met.

Specific measures and policies

New national measures must ensure major energy savings for consumers and industry alike. For example:

  • energy distributors or retail energy sales companies have to achieve 1.5% energy savings per year through the implementation of energy efficiency measures
  • EU countries can opt to achieve the same level of savings through other means, such as improving the efficiency of heating systems, installing double glazed windows or insulating roofs
  • the public sector in EU countries should purchase energy efficient buildings, products and services
  • every year, governments in EU countries must carry out energy efficient renovations on at least 3% (by floor area) of the buildings they own and occupy
  • energy consumers should be empowered to better manage consumption. This includes easy and free access to data on consumption through individual metering
  • national incentives for SMEs to undergo energy audits
  • large companies will make audits of their energy consumption to help them identify ways to reduce it
  • monitoring efficiency levels in new energy generation capacities.

After 2020

Negotiations are taking place on the new target for 2030. The European Parliament has voted for an EU binding 35% target, which the Swedish Parliament lately agreed with. The Parliament adopted its position in mid-January and now the three institutions (the Commission, the Parliament and the Council) will start their negotiations.

The Coalition For Energy Savings have summarized the positions of the three institutions in a briefing document: Briefing – Coalition For Energy Savings – Negotiations on EED What is at stake?

For updates and more information about European energy efficiency policy within buildings, please visit EuroACE.


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The Energy Efficiency Directive

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